What Is Sterilization?
Sterilization is the process of ending a woman’s ability to bear children. Historically, tubal ligation, which is often referred to as “having your tubes tied,” was the most common form of female sterilization. With modern advances in medical technology, there are a variety of less invasive options available such as uterine ablation. The doctors at Legacy OB/GYN will discuss all of the options available and your specific condition and needs to advise on the best sterilization process for you.
What Is Tubal Ligation?
Tubal ligation is a procedure where the fallopian tubes are blocked by severing, burning, or removing parts of the tubes. The procedure is typically performed through a minimally invasive laparoscopic procedure although if necessary it can also be performed in a traditional surgery. This option effectively stops eggs from reaching the uterus for fertilization.
What Is Uterine Ablation?
Uterine ablation is a procedure that uses heat energy to destroy the uterine lining, which is also called the endometrium. The heat energy is applied using a variety of methods including lasers, radiofrequency, balloons filled with heated saline, electricity, or microwaves. Uterine ablation is typically performed by inserting the instruments through the vagina and cervix to reach the uterus and is an outpatient procedure. The procedure usually takes about 45 minutes with a local or spinal anesthetic. After an ablation treatment, the lining of the uterus heals by scarring which reduces or stops uterine bleeding and making it unlikely for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterine wall.